The demands form a package that Moscow says is an essential requirement for lowering tensions in Europe and defusing a crisis over Ukraine, which Western countries have accused Russia of sizing up for a potential attack — something it has denied.
The Kremlin is demanding a Russian veto on NATO membership for Ukraine, although the West has already this ruled out.
- Russia will respond “militarily” to NATO Expansion, says Sergei Ryabkov
- UK Defence Secretary Ben Wallace warns Putin to pull back from the brink over Ukraine
- Putin laments the collapse of the Soviet Union as a setback for Russian power
Ryabkov said Russia was not willing to put up with the current situation any more. He urged the United States to take the proposals seriously and come up with a constructive response fast. He said Russia was ready to start talks as soon as Saturday, with Geneva a possible venue, and that its negotiating team was ready.
Russian news agency TASS quoted Ryabkov as saying later that Moscow was extremely disappointed by the signals coming from the United States and NATO.
Russia handed over its proposals to the United States earlier this week amid soaring tensions over a build-up of Russian troops near Ukraine.
It says it is responding to what it sees as threats to its own security from Ukraine’s increasingly close relations with NATO and aspirations to join the alliance, even though there is no imminent prospect of Ukraine being allowed to join.
The Russian proposals were set out in two documents — a draft agreement with NATO countries and a draft treaty with the United States, both published by the foreign ministry.
Important points of the two documents include:
- - To rule out further NATO expansion and Ukraine’s accession to the alliance
- Not to deploy additional troops and weapons outside the countries in which they were in May 1997 (before any Eastern European countries joined the alliance) — except in exceptional cases with the consent of Russia and NATO members
- To abandon any NATO military activities in Ukraine, Eastern Europe, the Caucasus and Central Asia
- Not to deploy intermediate and shorter-range missiles where they can hit the territory of the other side
- Not to conduct exercises with more than one military brigade in an agreed border zone, and to regularly exchange information about military exercises
- To confirm that the parties do not consider each other as adversaries, and agree to resolve all disputes peacefully and refrain from the use of force
- To commit not to create conditions that might be perceived as a threat by the other party
- To create hotlines for emergency contacts
- To agree that neither Russia nor the United States may deploy nuclear weapons outside their national territories.